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Scientists have planted
into people's minds in a study that demonstrates just
how easy it is for police to convince people they have
that did not actually happen.
More than a third of people are susceptible to false
memories, according A24studies by
professor of psychology at the University of California.
Her experiments could A25 why so many
people in Washington DC said they saw a white van near
to the scene of last year's sniper shootings. In fact,
the snipers used a dark car and no white van was involved.
'Where did that white van come from? It came from the
fact that someone talked to the media and suddenly the
whole country is looking for a white van that perhaps
did not exist,' she said.
In one study, professor implanted a false memory in
the minds of volunteers who had visited Disneyland as
children. 'We have tried to come A26 with ways
of planting memories that could not have happened. We
try to A27 people believe
that when they went to Disneyland they managed to A28 hands with
Bugs Bunny. Bugs could never have been at Disneyland
because he is a Warner Bros character. Yet we've found
a way of getting 36 per cent of our subjects to tell
us they shook hands with Bugs.'
1) poor 2) bad 3) false 4) artificial A23
1) participated 2) saw 3) experienced 4) witnessed A24
1) with 2) of 3) the 4) to A25
1) foresee 2) explain 3) tell 4) predict A26
1) up 2) over 3) In 4) out A27
1) force 2) make 3) have 4) let A28
1) reach 2) touch 3) shake 4) move